- Muscle-Building Capacity Is Retained Long After You Stop Training
It’s understood that in case you stop resistance training, muscle tissue will atrophy and in the end return to their previous size. What you might not know, however, is you’ll get back that lost muscle considerably more easily when and if you re-initiate your training efforts.
You have satellite cells by way of thanking for this. Simply stated, satellite cells are muscle stem cells. These special cells remain dormant asleep; however, they are awakened by muscle contractions and muscle damage during weight lifting. Once activated, satellite cells fuse to your affected muscle tissues and donate their nuclei towards the fibers. Nuclei will be the “brains” in the cell to blame for producing the posterior tibial muscle proteins needed for growth.
- Things You Didn’t Know About Muscle Growth
More nuclei result in a greater growth potential with the muscle. What’s more, satellite cells are self-regulating; when repeatedly activated, they ultimately multiply to facilitate future growth.
But here’s the really cool part: Once a muscle obtains new nuclei, those additional nuclei are maintained after a while, regardless of whether training is discontinued. So, when you begin training again, those extra nuclei are still there to ramp up protein synthesis and obtain back that hard-earned muscle you lost. Now, that’s muscle memory it is possible to put to good use.
- You Can Gain Substantial Muscle Even Using Very Light Weights
It’s always been preached that you should lift heavy if you need to grow. Some researchers have claimed that training with loads below about 65 percent of your respective 1RM just isn’t sufficient to activate high-threshold motor units—the ones which are associated with the fast-twitch muscles fibers, that are proposed to offer the greatest growth potential.
However, emerging research refutes these claims. In fact, loads as little as 30 percent of 1RM have been shown produce substantial hypertrophy.
Initially, I dismissed these studies since they were done in untrained individuals. Given that newbies sometimes grow from cardio, I figured that light loads wouldn’t offer a sufficient hypertrophic stimulus in athletes have been well-trained. I was wrong.
- Things You Didn’t Know About Muscle Growth
My lab subsequently completed a study in resistance-trained men who had over four years of lifting experience.  One group competent in a classic hypertrophy rep array of 8-12RM; one other group trained using very light loads, including 25-35RM. After sixty days, boost in the biceps, triceps, and quads was similar between groups.
Interestingly, some evidence shows that growth can be specific to fiber types, with lighter loads great for people type I fibers and heavier loads ideal type II fibers. This suggests that training across a spectrum of loading ranges would be better for maximizing growth. And if a physical injury or other circumstances dictate that heavy-lifting isn’t a possibility to suit your needs right now, you’ll find nothing wrong with ramping inside the reps.
- The “Anabolic Window” Is Really More of an “Anabolic Barn Door”
For years, it absolutely was taken as gospel that muscle growth is predicated on slugging down a protein shake inside an hour post-workout—the so-called “anabolic strategic window.” According to gym lore, in the event you miss out on this window, you rapidly become catabolic, and muscle-building is seriously impaired.
However, one’s body of research doesn’t support this theory. Our recent meta-analysis that pooled the outcome of 23 studies on the stock market found that any purported benefits from the strategy were assigned to consuming additional protein instead of a placebo, in spite of when the protein was consumed.  This led for the conclusion it is the total daily protein intake in charge of enhanced anabolism, not the timing of consumption.
To further test the anabolic-window theory, we recently completed a controlled study where one list of resistance-trained individuals received 25 grams of protein immediately before training and additional group received a similar protein drink immediately post-workout.  Results showed similar hypertrophic increases within groups. Post-workout timing had no addictive influence on growth.
This doesn’t imply that a post-workout shake is usually totally useless; this will depend on how you structure the rest of the day. We know which the anabolic outcomes of a protein-rich meal last approximately 5 hours. So, when you are eating protein-rich meals at roughly evenly spaced intervals at all hours, you’ll hit your “anabolic window” in spite of when you train.
If a shake can help you maintain that consistent protein intake, that has served its purpose. But it definitely doesn’t have to become within 60 minutes of your respective workout to “count.”
- Pain Pills Can Impair Muscle Growth—Depending on Who You Are
Taking an NSAID for example ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, Nuprin) to scale back inflammation and muscle soreness after—or even before—a hard workout is a normal part of many lifters’ routines. These analgesics are purported to scale back pain by inhibiting the game of cyclooxygenase (COX), loved ones of enzymes that facilitate creation of pro-inflammatory proteinoids. But although this might help to temporarily alleviate discomfort, it may well actually inhibit your muscular gains.
Emerging evidence signifies that post-exercise inflammation is integral towards the growth process. Proteinoids are viewed to be particularly significant to anabolic signaling, possibly by stimulating pathways to blame for carrying out muscle protein synthesis.  And even though research is currently conflicting, there is certainly some evidence that high doses of ibuprofen (1,200 milligrams or maybe more) may in reality blunt protein synthesis.